Theodosius I


Theodosius I
Roman Emperor AD 379-395.
    Theodosius the Great was baptised a Christian soon after his accession. He was the emperor who formally declared Christianity as the religion of the Roman Empire.
    Heretics and pagans were persecuted, and there was a systematic destruction of heathen temples and monuments in Egypt and Syria. The Patriarch Theophilus carried out this work at Alexandria, and it was during this period that the Serapeum (the place where the god Serapis had been worshipped) was destroyed. Despite the Edicts of Theodosius I, the ancient religion of Egypt continued to be practised on the sacred island of Philae where the temples were not closed until the reign of Emperor Justinian (c.AD 540).
BIBL. Milne, J.G. A History of Egypt under Roman rule. London: 1924.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • Theodosius I. — Theodosius I. Theodosius I. (griechisch Θεοδόσιος A , eigentlich Flavius Theodosius), auch bekannt als Theodosius der Große (* 11. Januar 347 in Cauca, Spanien; † 17. Januar 395 in Mailand), war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodosius II. — Theodosius II. (griechisch Θεοδόσιος Β , * April 401; † 28. Juli 450), einziger Sohn der Aelia Eudoxia und des Arcadius, wurde siebenjährig oströmischer Kaiser. Im Codex Theodosianus ließ er die Gesetze und Verfügungen der römischen Kaiser… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodosius I — • Roman Emperor (also known as Flavius Theodosius), born in Spain, about 346; died at Milan, 17 January, 395 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Theodosius I     Theodosius I    …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • Theodosius — Theodosius,   römischer (oströmischer) Kaiser:    1) Theodosius I., der Große, römische Kaiser (seit 383, Mitkaiser seit 379), * Cauca (heute Coca) 11. 1. 347, ✝ Mediolanum (heute Mailand) 17. 1. 395, Großvater von 2). Durch Gratian 379 zum… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • THEODOSIUS I° — THEODOSIUS I°, Roman emperor, 379–395 C.E. Although Theodosius, an orthodox Christian, was responsive to the influence of the church, he subordinated it to his authority. During his reign, and in the reigns of his sons Arcadius and honorius , the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • THEODOSIUS II° — (Flavius Theodosius Junior), Roman emperor of the East, 408–450 C.E. Theodosius II edited the first official collection of the imperial statutes from the time of Constantine to the year 438, the year of publication of the Theodosian Code (C. Th.) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • THEODOSIUS — THEODOSIUS, spokesman for the Samaritan community of alexandria in the second century B.C.E. During the reign of Ptolemy VI Philometor (180–145 B.C.E.) a dispute arose between the Jews and Samaritans of Alexandria. The quarrel centered around the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Theodosius I — [thē΄ə dō′shəs, thē΄dō′shē əs] ( Flavius Theodosius) A.D. 346? 395; Rom. general: emperor of Rome (379 395): called the Great Theodosian adj …   English World dictionary